Cotton is a food and a fibre crop. Fibre Crop crops that produce filamentous matter from the bast tissue or other parts of plants, used for industrial purposes. Organic cotton is any type of cotton that is grown without chemicals and from plants that are not genetically engineered. Cotton fibres are unusually long, single-celled epidermal seed trichomes and a model for plant cell growth, but little is known about the regulation of fibre cell elongation. ... from pre-planting to processing. The crop is native to and grown in Central America, Mexico, the Caribbean, and southern Florida. Cotton provides the basic raw material to cotton textile industry. A. The production of cotton fibre begins with the “ginning” of the harvested crop. Fibre crops include a wide variety of plants of fibrous biomass that are grown annually or seasonally at specific weather and climatic conditions of a country. Fibre crops are crops grown for Fibres. Cotton fabric is one of the most commonly used types of fabrics in the world. These Fibres are used to make things such as cloth, rope, or paper. * Changes have occured in which several families have been expanded to include previously distinct families. Brazil It is most affordable natural fiber and is 100% biodegradable. Trials of non-irrigated cotton at Strathmore Station in Queensland's Gulf Country have paved the way for the first large-scale commercial crop. Cotton is one of the most important fibre and cash crop of India as well as of entire world. Cotton is one of the most important fiber and cash crop of India and plays a dominant role in the industrial and agricultural economy of the country. Which crop is known as the golden fibre? Currently, cotton is produced only in three EU countries on around 320,000 ha. Cotton is the most widely used natural fibre in the fashion textile industry. Cotton fabric is derived from the fibers surrounding the seeds of cotton plants, which emerge in a … Here we report that a homeodomain-leucine zipper (HD-ZIP) transcription factor, GhHOX3, controls cotton fibre … China grows Bt cotton, a genetically modified crop that is used for commercial production. Cotton is a kharif crop. Cotton. The cotton plant loves warmth: it needs about 200 days of sunshine in the season to flourish and bear fruit. The main cotton producing states are Gujarat, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. Cotton gins are factories that separate cottonseed and trash from the lint (raw cotton fibre). Cotton (Gossypium spp. The 2009 classification system of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG III) places the family Agavaceae, Ruscaceae, and others in an expanded Asparagaceae (Simpson 2010). Australia has a reputation of producing premium quality cotton, which supports the profitability of the crop. Fibre Crop: Type # 2. D. Silk. Cottonseed, which makes up around half the weight of the picked cotton, is fed to cattle and crushed to make oil. Optimizing fibre quality starts with good crop management and selecting the right variety. Answer. 4. SEASON AND VARIETIES For Thirumangalam in Madurai district, Sattur in Virudhunagar district and parts of Kovilpatti in Thoothukudi district, where the seasonal rainfall is 375 mm and most of it is received during September or first week of October, select LRA 5166 (or) SVPR 2 (or) KC 2, KC3. We mostly focus on cotton as a fibre crop, but did you know it's also an important food crop? Cotton Association of India (CAI) has estimated its fibre crop for the 2019-20 season at 354.50 lakh bales of 170 kg each which is higher by 42.50 lakh bales compared to … Fiber crops are crops raised for fiber rather than for food or oil production. ), a leading natural fiber, is a major cash crop in the world and is grown commercially in more than 50 countries. 13. Upland cotton has very short fibers and makes up about 90% of the world’s total cotton production. Jute: a. Jute is a parenchymatus fibre. This is bcos humid conditions promote the ripening and bursting of cotton bolls. Jute is considered as the golden fiber. It is cultivated in tropical and sub-tropical regions of more than 80 countries of the world. Cotton is a kharif crop which requires 6 to 8 months to mature. It provides the basic raw material (cotton fibre) to cotton textile industry. Before synthetic fibers were introduced, natural fibers were the main ingredients in the manufacture of cloth, ropes, and paper. FIBREpak is a guide to improving Australian cotton fibre quality. Cotton. The modules are loaded onto trucks and transported from the farm to a cotton gin. China’s cotton industry employs 10 million people and in the 24 provinces that produce the plant, 300 million are involved in its production. Cotton has been used as a fibre for more than 7000 years! This textile is chemically organic, which means that it does not contain any synthetic compounds. Cotton is an example of a fiber crop. Cotton is an arable crop used mainly for fibre. Its production provides income for more than 250 million people worldwide and employs almost 7% of all labor in developing countries. Well over 90% of the Australian cotton crop is exported — mainly to Asian destinations such as Indonesia, South Korea, Taiwan, China and Thailand. Organic cotton. Cotton is grown both as a dry crop and as an irrigated crop. The most abundantly produced natural fibre in the world, in 2017 it was estimated that 25 million tons of cotton are produced every year . It is so called because of its shiny brown colour. Cotton seed makes up around half the weight of the picked cotton, and is mostly used to m. Read More. It is sown at the onset of the monsoon. B. Hemp. Cotton was later introduced in the … Cotton is a perennial crop in the tropics, and without defoliation or freezing, the … China, India, USA, Pakistan and … Other parts of the cotton plant are put to good use and are used in the production of foods, plastics and in paper products, according to the National Cotton Council of America. Follow water harvesting techniques and raise a successful crop of cotton. Cotton in India provides direct It is made of cellulose and lignin plant material. Unlike fossil based fibres, cotton is sustainable, renewable, biodegradable, and carbon neutral and can be used without depleting or damaging the environment, thus making it an excellent choice as an environmentally-friendly fibre throughout its entire product life cycle. It provides the basic raw material (cotton fibre) to cotton textile industry. Bt-cotton is resistant against the pest Helicoverpa (Spotted bollworm), developed by U.S. based seed company ‘Monsanto’ and registered under the name ‘Bollgaurd’. The cottonseed, which remains after cotton is ginned, is used to produce oil for human consumption and oilseed cake for animal feed. For that reason alone, it does well in the dry or humid savannahs of Africa. The crop was introduced in 2002 and has proved to have better pest resistance than non-GM cotton. Fiber crops are grown for the natural fiber that is used in manufacturing industries. Cotton and jute are the two most important fibre crops of India. Cotton strippers are used in regions where it is too windy to grow picker varieties of cotton, and usually after application of a chemical defoliant or the natural defoliation that occurs after a freeze. Cotton is the oldest textile fibre used for textile purpose.Cotton is a fibre, oil and protein yielding crop of global significance. When mature, the crop is harvested mechanically and placed into large modules. One tonne of cotton seed yields approximately 200kg of oil, 500kg of cotton seed meal and 300kg of hulls. ADVERTISEMENTS: Its seed (binola) is used in vanaspati industry and can also be used as part of fodder for milch cattle to get better milk. If the rainfall is distributed over both the monsoons, the extra­ordinary fertility of the black cotton soil allows a wide variety of crops to be grown, and also taking of two crops in the year—one in the north-east monsoon period, and the other in the south­west monsoon period. Primary source of list of fiber crops according to type of fiber: Hill (1972). Cotton is the most important fibre crop not only of India but of the entire world. It plays a dominant role in the industrial and agricultural economy of the country. The crop is harvested from the fields by striping machines, and is stored in … The climate, with its high average temperatures and alternation between dry and wet seasons, favours the cultivation of this natural fibre crop. Approximately half of all textiles are made of cotton. For intercropping with Greengram / Soybean, complete the sowing and irrigation 20 days prior to cotton sowing on one side of the ridge. Cotton cultivation in Kenya started in 1902 coinciding with the construction of the Kenya-Uganda railway At independence in 1963, it had become established as a cash crop in Western, Nyanza, Central, Eastern and Coast Provinces. Although cotton is a naturally occurring fibre, its production is nevertheless haunted by claims of pollution, exploitation, and slavery – yes, even today. Crop management factors which increase/ optimize yield generally increase/optimize fibre quality. b. Jute crop does not have hybrid seeds. After ginning, the cotton lint is … It is also regarded as the world’s thirstiest and dirtiest crop. RAINFED COTTON . Australia produces some of the best cotton in the world and it is highly valued by cotton spinners in export markets for its colour, strength, fibre length and lack of contamination. The Economics of Cotton in Australia. It provides the basic raw material to cotton textile industry. Next to cotton, jute is the second important fibre crop of India. The world uses cotton more than any other natural fiber and it is primarily grown and used to make cloth. If cotton intercropped with other crops, one paired row of cotton is alternated with three rows of intercrop and the total population of cotton crop is maintained at the same level as in the case of pure crop. Cotton is the most widespread profitable non-food crop in the world. the three most notable examples include: Cotton Cotton is the most popular and widely used fibre crop. C. Jute. 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